You Can't Live With Or Without 'Em! 14 Astonishing Things About Antibiotics


Antibiotics, which are meant to slow the growth of bacteria, have been quite popular recently. The misuse of antibiotics puts our lives at risk because of the resistance of the bacteria and the formation of new bacteria with this resistance.

How should we use antibiotics? What do we know about antibiotics? Let's take a look.

1. Antibiotics are effective at combating bacteria. They have no effect on viruses.

Viruses don't have a certain type of enzyme systems. For this reason, they are not affected by antibiotics. If you start to use antibiotics unconsciously in a viral infection, this will both damage your metabolism and cause your disease to not be cured.

2. Antibiotics can be produced by another microorganism. These can be bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

For example; The most known antibiotic, penicillin, was discovered by Alexander Fleming from a mold fungi.

3. Antibiotics don't choose between good or bad bacteria. This can cause beneficial bacteria in your body to die as well.

This can lead to unwanted side effects. For example, as a result of the use of antibiotics, fungal infections may occur around a woman's vagina because beneficial bacteria around the vagina are also killed.

4. Bacteria can gain resistance even if you take antibiotics correctly.

The reason for the resistance of bacteria is the fighting methods that have been done to destroy them for thousands of years. If you want to destroy a living creature, it will prepare itself for the hardest conditions to survive according to the natural selection theory.

5. If, after a while, you've used antibiotics and feel good and stop using the medicine, this will help the bacteria gain resistance.

If you stop taking antibiotics or don't take them on time, the next dose will not be enough for the bacteria to die. Bacteria can reproduce in this case. However, with insufficient quantities of antibiotics, it may also provide resistance to the bacteria.

6. Antibiotic resistance occurs as a result of mutations of the bacterium in the DNA.

Bacterial conjugation is often regarded as the bacterial equivalent of sexual reproduction or mating since it involves the exchange of genetic material. However, this is not sexual reproduction, since no exchange of gamete occurs. During conjugation, the donor cell provides a conjugative or mobilizable genetic element that is most often a plasmid or transposon. Most conjugative plasmids have systems ensuring that the recipient cell does not already contain a similar element.

7. Before you use antibiotics, you need to make sure you take an antibiogram.

Before you use antibiotics, you need to make sure you take an antibiogram.
Before you use antibiotics, you need to make sure you take an antibiogram.

The antibiogram test is carried out by taking the bacterium with the aid of a rod from the infection site. Bacteria in this bar are planted in place of the appropriate fattening, which bacteria are identified. The sensitivity of this bacterium is calculated and the amount of antibiotic you will take in your body is determined.

In short, the main purpose of the antibiogram test is to determine the bacteria causing the infection and to use antibiotics accordingly. Otherwise you will give bacteria the opportunity to gain resistance.

8. You should be careful about not using the remaining antibiotics from past treatments.

For example, you think you are well and stop using antibiotics. If you get sick again, don't continue using the same box. Don't forget that the number of medicines in a box of antibiotics is set at a level that will kill the bacterium.

9. Broad spectrum antibiotics don't mean that the effect of the antibiotic is too strong.

Broad spectrum antibiotics can kill many different species of bacteria. Narrow-spectrum antibiotics are specific to more specific bacteria. However, it is useful not to misunderstand it. Having broad spectrum doesn't mean it also has high bacterial destructive power. Antibiotics can have the same spectrum but their strength changes.

10. All of the antibiotic substance is not metabolized by our bodies. Antibiotics, some of which are thrown out, also become a threat to the environment.

11. Penicillin and cephalosporin antibiotics have the highest rate of causing allergies.

These can result in an allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis, that can lead to death.

12. Antibiotics can cause the immune system to weaken when used unnecessarily, especially in children.

Children who receive broad-spectrum antibiotics before the age of 2 are 3 times more likely to develop asthma than children who don't use antibiotics.

13. Antibiotics may become a threat as they are used more on animals.

The reason for this is due to mass production. Since there are no favorable conditions for serial animal production, it is necessary to reduce the production of bacteria the least. For this reason, the use of antibiotics increases. According to World Health Organization surveys, the use of penicillin on livestock has increased by 600% over the last 30 years. Antibiotic use is mostly seen in the production of poultry and pigs.

14. The production of new antibiotics has greatly diminished because bacteria have gained resistance in the past few years.

The reason for this is that the metabolisms of newly emerging resistant bacteria are not fully known. But when scientists anticipated the threat that bacteria have in our lives, research has begun to move toward the discovery of new antibiotics. In the coming years, it is very likely that new antibiotics will be made available to patients.

BONUS: With this short video you can expand your knowledge further on antibiotic resistance!

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