La Sagrada Familia (The Holy Family) is a basilica in Barcelona, Spain, which Antoni Gaudi, one of the pioneers of modern architecture, took over in 1883 but was left unfinished after he was killed by a tram in 1926. Its construction is still ongoing.
Let's take a look at the story of La Sagrada Familia, popularly known as the unfinished church!
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Although it is not yet completed, the Sagrada Familia, which will be the most magnificent structure in the tourist guides' program in Barcelona, is not only impressive in terms of design, but also serves as an architecture lesson in terms of the construction process.
The story of the Sagrada Familia dates back to 1882. As a result of disagreements between the first architect of the building, Francisco de Paula del Villar, and the supporters of the church, Gaudi became involved in the project in 1883.
Perhaps if it were built a century ago, the impact it would create would have been different from the present city center surrounded by apartment blocks.
During this long period, construction was interrupted many times. After Gaudi's death in 1926, construction began to slow down due to lack of funds and the outbreak of civil war. The outbreak of World War II dealt a second blow to construction.
Gaudi's strong architectural design is another factor that made the construction process difficult. Mark Burry, the chief architect of the completion project, uses the phrase "a gigantic sculpture in the city" to describe the building.
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In contrast to the supporters of the completion project, which was based on guesswork as a result of the destruction of Gaudi's original drawings, there were those who argued that the building had lost much in terms of architectural style and design.
In the face of this, those who supported the continuation of the construction responded that "a building cannot be treated as a painting".
Gaudi designed the church as three different facades. The Nativity Facade was the first part of the church to be built.
Passion Facade has a very simple design in contrast to the decorative intensity of the first facade.
Construction of the Glory Facade, the largest and most influential facade, began in 2002. The facade, full of references to the divine glory of Christ and the ascension of humanity to God, is based on a model Gaudí created in 1936.