13 Must-See Cathedrals: Unique Architecture from Around the World
Cathedrals are some of the most awe-inspiring architectural wonders in the world. We will take you on a journey through 13 must-see cathedrals from around the world, showcasing their unique architecture and history. From the grandeur of Notre-Dame de Paris to the beauty of St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, these cathedrals are sure to leave a lasting impression
1. Seville Cathedral (Spain)
Seville Cathedral, considered the 3rd largest church in the world and also the largest gothic church, began to be built in the early 16th century. This cathedral, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage list, was previously used as a mosque, but after Ferdinand III conquered it, it was first converted into a cathedral and then completely demolished and rebuilt.
2. St. Basil Cathedral (Russia)
St. Basil Cathedral, located in Russia's Red Square, was started to be built by Ivan the Terrible in 1555. The cathedral, whose construction lasted until 1561, was actually built for the Russians to celebrate a victory.
3. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (Bulgaria)
Begun construction in 1882, this cathedral is one of the largest Eastern Orthodox cathedrals in the world. The cathedral, which was completed in 1912, contains the remains of Alexander Nevsky, Prince of Novgorod, after whom it was named.
4. Santiago De Compostela Cathedral (Spain)
First built in the 11th century on the ruins of St. James, the apostle of Jesus, it is one of the most popular and most sacred cathedrals in Spain.
5. Washington National Cathedral (USA)
Washington National Cathedral, the 2nd largest cathedral in the United States, is also the 6th largest cathedral in the world. Built in neo-gothic style, this cathedral stands out with its double towers and is often compared to Notre Dame de Paris.
6. Cologne Cathedral (Germany)
Cologne Cathedral in Cologne, Germany, was built between 1248 and 1880. Built entirely in the gothic style, this cathedral is the only building that was not bombed during World War II. This cathedral is still open for prayers today.
7. St. Peter's Basilica (Vatican City)
St. Peter's Basilica, the most spectacular basilica of the Vatican, is built on an area of 23 thousand square meters. This basilica, which bears the title of the largest church of Christians, was built by Michelangelo. Both the architect and the enormity of the building from every angle make it a popular destination for tourists. Since Michelangelo died before the building was finished, Bernini completed the square and interior design.
8. Winchester Cathedral (England)
Winchester Cathedral, one of the largest cathedrals in England, was built in the 11th century. Jane Austen and the tombs of Wessex kings' tombs are located here.
9. Notre Dame Cathedral (France)
Notre Dame de Paris, one of the most famous and beautiful cathedrals in the world, is located on the banks of the Seine River in Paris. One of the first cathedrals built in Gothic style, Notre Dame de Paris was damaged by a terrible fire in 2019 and restoration work is still ongoing.
10. Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral (Mexico)
This cathedral, which was built in the 16th century and took 250 years to complete, is distinguished from other cathedrals by its 2 bell towers with 25 bells. The cathedral has been standing for hundreds of years and is open for prayers.
11. St. Paul Cathedral (England)
A combination of Renaissance and baroque architecture, the cathedral was rebuilt after the Great Fire of London. Today, the cathedral is one of the most important landmarks of London.
12. Milano Cathedral (Italy)
Milan Cathedral, the 4th largest cathedral in Europe, spreads over an area of 11,700 square meters. Located in Piazza Del Duomo Square, this cathedral took 500 years to build.
13. Reims Notre Dame Cathedral (France)
Reims Notre Dame Cathedral, one of the most beautiful examples of Gothic style, was built between 1211 and 1325. The area where the cathedral is located was previously the site of the coronation ceremonies of the kings of France.