3 years ago, something dreadful was found during the new metro line construction in London: mass graves with more than 3,000 human skeletons. Investigations showed that some of these people died because of the plague, the ruthless epidemic disease of the time. The rest, however, were the patients being treated in Bethlem Royal Hospital in the 16th century. Here is the terrifying story of these patients, who were murdered by the hospital:
1. After the excavations, it was found that some of the skeletons belonged to the 16th century patients of this hospital.
2. This hospital was the first, and therefore the oldest, psychiatric hospital in Europe.
3. One of the torture-like treatments(!) was the "rotational therapy."
4. Of course there was so much worse than the rotational therapy.
5. Although it was illegal at the time, the dead patients' bodies were autopsied in Bedlam.
6. Everything got worse once Bedlam's control was taken from the church and given to the crown of England.
7. It started getting better after the visit of Edward Wakefield.
8. Another problem was that the hospital was open for visitations from everybody
9. The most important reason why Bethlem turned into Bedlam was that the hospital had to rely on the patients' family and relatives for money.
10. This hospital, which was run as a freak show rather than a therapy center until the 18th century, is still active today.
Here are some of the unfortunate patients of Bedlam:
Eliza Camplin (Bipolar disorder)
Elizabeth Thew (Infanticide)
George Johnson (Murder)
Harriet Jordan (Bipolar disorder)
Hannah Still (Psychosis)
Father & son John and Thomas Bailey (Acute melancholia)