Are you ready to take a journey deep inside atoms and beyond our universe? In this post, we’ll do both: let’s see how discoveries on the subatomic level enabled scientists to come up with groundbreaking theories like anti-universes!
1. If everything is about everything (Quantum entanglement), even the smallest actions should be able to affect everything.
2. Interestingly, a meteorologist noticed this. When he was working on a weather forecast simulation, he wrote down the numbers 0.506127 and 0.506.
3. The result was substantially different from the previous ones, an error of one in a thousand could change the whole outcome of the simulation.
4. This was called “The Butterfly Effect” after realizing that a minor change in the beginning could change the overall outcome substantially.
5. The meteorologist who conducted this simulation said “The fluttering of a butterfly's wing in the Amazon rainforest can cause a hurricane in the northern hemisphere.”
6. Since we don’t exactly know how hurricanes actually start, we don’t really know if they are affected by such small movements.
7. What’s being emphasised here is that on the quantum level, even the smallest things should be considered when predicting the outcomes.
8. And since the smallest things can affect the whole, we can’t predict the outcomes impeccably from the beginning (Chaos Theory).
9. For instance, when a leaf falls, countless parameters affect the exact location where it lands, such as the speed of the wind at that moment or the gravitational force.
10. There are theories based on the quantum entanglement suggesting that even thoughts can change many things. Remember that feeling when someone calls you right when you’re thinking of them.
11. In sum, nothing is certain but anything is possible according to "The Butterfly Effect," because everything is connected to each other as they are in constant interaction.
12. Let’s move onto another subject: Anti-matter and anti-universe.
13. About 90 years ago, a young man named Dirac was searching for answers to his questions regarding quantum mechanics, and he found something really interesting.
14. In order to resolve some problems within his relativistic equation, in 1930 Dirac developed a model of the vacuum as an infinite sea of particles with negative energy, later dubbed the Dirac Sea.
15. This led him to predict the existence of a "positron," the antimatter counterpart of the electron.
16. Then came the bigger picture: if subatomic particles’ “antis" exist, there should be “anti” atoms as well.
17. Hydrogen was chosen to test.
18. Estimates were correct again: in the laboratory environment, antihydrogen could be produced successfully.
19. Dirac gave a speech when receiving his Nobel prize and summed up the theory:
20. And the research started: if anti-matter can be produced in the laboratory environment, it should exist somewhere in the universe. Accordingly, there should be anti-universes.
21. We’ll talk about the anti-matter in the next post. Now let’s move onto anti-universes, aka twin-opposite universes.
22. The first one is a universe filled with anti-matter, the theory suggests that everything there should be the exact opposite of our universe.
23. Since only the charges change places in that universe, we should have anti-twins, and even anti-cities there.
24. The other theory is the “mirror universe” theory. It suggests that there must be a twin of our universe, but like a mirror image of it.
25. In other words, people’s hearts are on their right sides, and most people are left handed there.
26. However, after some time, it was proved that neither of these theories could be true. What’s interesting is that people who presented these theories were awarded with Nobel prize.
27. However, the most exciting part of the anti-particle discovery is not about anti-universes. It’s the part where anti-matter comes into play. Because the results were extremely striking. Wait for our next article on the subject!