There is a lot of pain, massacres and tears in human history. The Klu Klux Klan is one of the most brutal groups in the history of the U.S.A. They were first founded as a social group, then turned into a savage organization. In this list, you can learn how this group came to be.
1. A group, including many former Confederate veterans, founded the first branch of the Ku Klux Klan as a social club in Pulaski, Tennessee in 1866.
2. In the summer of 1867, local branches of the Klan met in a general organizing convention and established what they called an “Invisible Empire of the South.”
3. Leading Confederate general Nathan Bedford Forrest was chosen as the first leader, or “grand wizard,” of the Klan. He presided over a hierarchy of grand dragons, grand titans and grand cyclopses.
4. The organization took as its symbol a burning cross.
5. The organization of the Ku Klux Klan coincided with the beginning of the second phase of post-Civil War Reconstruction, put into place by the more radical members of the Republican Party in Congress.
7. They were joined in this struggle by similar organizations such as the Knights of the White Camelia (launched in Louisiana in 1867) and the White Brotherhood.
8. Klan members–often wearing masks and dressed in the organization’s signature long white robes and hoods
9. Though Democratic leaders would later attribute Ku Klux Klan violence to poorer southern whites, the organization’s membership crossed class lines, from small farmers and laborers to planters, lawyers, merchants, physicians and ministers.
10. After 1870, Republican state governments in the South turned to Congress for help, resulting in the passage of three Enforcement Acts, the strongest of which was the Ku Klux Klan Act of 1871.
11. In 1915, white Protestant nativists organized a revival of the Ku Klux Klan near Atlanta, Georgia, inspired by their romantic view of the Old South as well as Thomas Dixon’s 1905 book “The Clansman” and D.W. Griffith’s 1915 film “Birth of a Nation.
12. In 1915, white Protestant nativists organized a revival of the Ku Klux Klan near Atlanta, Georgia.
13. Klan membership exceeded 4 million people nationwide.
14. The Great Depression in the 1930s depleted the Klan’s membership ranks
15. The civil rights movement of the 1960s saw a surge of local Klan activity across the South
16. The cases of Klan-related violence became more isolated in the decades to come, though fragmented groups became aligned with neo-Nazi or other right-wing extremist organizations from the 1970s onward.
17. In the early 1990s, the Klan was estimated to have between 6,000 and 10,000 active members, mostly in the Deep South.