36 Facts About Dark Matter And Dark Energy Proving There's Always More Than What Meets The Eye!

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If you’re one of those who wants to see what’s beyond matter, physics is always there for you. In a previous post, we covered what antimatter, quantum entanglement, and The Butterfly Effect are all about. And now, it is time for us to go beyond these and see what we can’t see. Here are the most interesting facts about dark matter and dark energy!

1. Scientists at CERN have been working on antimatter for years, as it is one of the biggest hopes for us to achieve dreams like time travel.

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2. The subject is so interesting that fiction writers have been using it as well. Dan Brown’s Angels and Demons, and Star Trek are just two of many examples.

3. The bomb that assassins stole from CERN In Angels And Demons, and the Starship Enterprise from Star Trek were both fueled by antimatter.

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4. What makes antimatter so unusual was discovered during these experiments. When a particle and antiparticle come together they annihilate each other.

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5. And when they both annihilate, energy is turned on. Out of this energy matter and antimatter come to life.

6. So it has something to do with the Bing Bang. Scientists thought that of the Bing Bang since there should be an equal amount of matter and antimatter.

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7. On the other hand, if life exists, there should be more matter than antimatter in the universe. However, we don’t really know how yet.

8. If there is still existing matter, there should be remaining antimatter somewhere in the universe. Scientists tried to find it, but the research was inconclusive.

9. However, after some time, antimatter fountains and clouds were discovered. Also, scientists found that there is antimatter in the gamma rays and lightnings.

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10. Since it would be too difficult to collect, scientists started to produce antimatter at CERN and at a few other big laboratories around the world.

11. There was a reason for the growing interest toward the production of antimatter: the massive amount of energy that would come out of it.

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12. The energy in antimatter is a billion times more than the energy in rocket fuel.

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13. That means, with 4 milligrams of antimatter, we can go to Mars in a few weeks, or somewhere else far away…

14. Therefore, CERN and Fermilab have been working on antimatter, but there’s a problem. A big one...

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15. Since matter and antimatter annihilate when they come together, special equipment should be used to avoid such a massive explosion which would be dangerous and very very costly.

16. The most expensive thing in the world is not diamond or ruby, it’s antimatter. .03 ounces of antimatter costs $62.5 trillion.

17. It is estimated that the price will eventually go down, but for now, Fermilab can only produce 1.5 nanograms of antimatter per year, and CERN can produce even less than that.

18. Researchers are planning to increase the antimatter production and they’re working on engines that run on antimatter.

19. If this can happen, intergalactic journey will be possible, as well as time travel.

20. Let’s move onto dark matter and dark energy.

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21. Ever since the ancient times, human beings have thought that the universe could not be “empty,” and they started to name the liquids and gasses they thought existed even before they were able to understand them.

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22. Although there have been numerous theories on these subjects, none of them were able to explain the universe perfectly.

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23. In the 70s however, an interesting observation caught attention. Some stars around a galaxy were spinning faster than they should have been!

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24. The calculations and simulations were repeated but the results were the same, as if some kind of unexplainable force was making them spin faster.

25. No one had any idea what kind of a force that could be because there was nothing in sight. Telescopes were unable to catch them.

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26. Therefore, some said that it could be some kind of a dark matter since it cannot be seen.

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27. According to the theory, the stars were accelerating when they passed by this matter since they were exposed to its gravitational force.

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28. Vera Rubin, a Nobel Prize winning astronomer theorized this but it wasn't proven for years. 10 years ago, in 2006, scientists achieved meaningful conclusions.

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29. After the dark matter was discovered, there was still something missing from the big picture to understanding the universe.

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30. According to the calculations and estimates, a very small part of the universe is made up of matter that we can see, and a little more than that was the matter that we can’t see. So what was the rest?

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31. To see what was the rest, scientists looked at outer space again. The universe was expanding. And the speed of this expansion was not slowing down. On the contrary, it was speeding up.

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32. So if that was the case, there should probably be something that keeps galaxies from dispersing and something that pushes them at the same time.

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33. The answer to that question was that an elastic, invisible web, and energy existed between the galaxies, and this energy was called “dark energy.”

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34. It is still unknown if there is a connection between dark matter and dark energy. And we don’t know their exact structures either.

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35. Scientists are not able to explain if dark matter is made up of stars, molecules, or atoms.

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36. But there is something we know for sure: The things we can actually see makeup only 5 percent of the universe. 25 percent is dark matter, and the rest, 70 per cent is dark energy...

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