18 Interesting Facts About Ancient Greece You Probably Didn't Know

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Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history that lasted from the Archaic period of the 8th to c. 5th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (c. 600 AD).

Classical Greek culture, especially philosophy, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Basin and Europe. For this reason, Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of modern Western culture and is considered the cradle of Western civilization.

The cradle of democracy, slavery, and nudity—here are 18 interesting facts about the Greek world of antiquity.

Source: http://www.factslides.com/

1. Classical Greek culture, which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC, had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and provided the foundation of modern Western culture.

2. Ancient Greek democracy, the world's first, lasted for only 185 years.

3. Between 40% and 80% of the population of Classical Athens were slaves.

4. At its economic height, in the 5th and 4th centuries BC, Ancient Greece was the most advanced economy in the world.

5. The Ancient Greeks exercised naked.

6. Ancient Greece's boys went to school at the age of 7 if they lived in Athens, or went to the barracks if they lived in Sparta.

7. In Ancient Greece, a crucial part of a wealthy teenager's education was a mentorship with an elder, which in a few places may have included pederastic love.

8. The word "school" comes from the ancient Greek for "free time."

9. In ancient Greek, the word "idiot" meant anyone who wasn't a politician.

10. The discoveries of Greek mathematicians such as Pythagoras, Euclid, and Archimedes, are still used in mathematical teachings today.

11. In ancient Greece, throwing an apple at someone was done to declare one's love.

12. The word "Dinosaur" comes from the ancient Greek which means "terrible lizard."

13. Ancient Greeks and Romans often bought slaves with salt.

Not only did salt serve to flavor and preserve food, it made a good antiseptic, which is why the Roman word for these salubrious crystals (salt) is a first cousin to Salus, the goddess of health. Salt was so important that a soldier's pay—consisting in part of salt—came to be known as solarium argentum, from which we derive the word salary. A soldier's salary was cut if he "was not worth his salt," a phrase that came into being because the Greeks and Romans often bought slaves with salt.

14. There was no word for "religion" in ancient Greece.

15. The ancient Greek Aristarchus of Samos first proposed the theory that the Sun is the center around which the planets orbit in the 3rd century BC.

16. Ancient Romans were a bath-loving people. They typically frequented public baths once a day.

17. The word "music" comes from the Muses, goddesses of the arts in Greek mythology.

18. Spartan men were not allowed to live with their families until they left their active military service at age 30.

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